The terms “nearsightedness” and “farsightedness” are used frequently by your eye doctor, but what do they mean? The experienced and caring optometrists at Wing Eyecare in Cincinnati, OH, diagnose patients with both conditions. In the guide below, they explain what they are and what to do if you suspect you have them.

An Eye Doctor’s Guide to Nearsightedness & Farsightedness 


eye doctorNearsightedness is also known as “myopia” and it’s one of the most common vision conditions in America. It is characterized by a problem related to how light enters the eye and affects nearly 30% of the U.S. population. Nearsightedness is easily discovered in routine eye exams, as most patients will find it difficult to read an optometrist’s eye chart. 

Those with nearsightedness may also have trouble focusing while driving, working on a computer, reading a whiteboard, or watching movies. If you have difficulty reading far away or your eyes get tired while working or learning in school, you may be experiencing the symptoms of nearsightedness and should see an eye doctor for an exam. 

In most cases, prescription glasses are ordered to help you see better. With the right pair, a patient’s vision is clearer. They will also experience less strain while reading, driving, and watching TV. 


Also called “hyperopia,” farsightedness is a condition in which patients cannot clearly read words in front of them. Farsightedness is also related to problems with light entering the eye. However, in contrast to nearsightedness, patients are likely able to clearly read eye charts and effortlessly view objects and text that are far away.

If you have trouble reading books, menus, or note cards, you could be farsighted. Many people do not know they have the condition because it is often missed in routine exams at work and school. If you suspect you have farsightedness, an eye exam performed by an optometrist will let you know for sure. As with nearsightedness, glasses will likely be prescribed. 

It is possible to have both myopia and hyperopia, a condition called presbyopia. Most patients with both conditions are prescribed bifocal or no-line bifocal glasses for easy reading up close and far away.

To make an appointment with a trusted eye doctor, call the team at Wing Eyecare at (888) 274-9464. For more information about an eye exam location near you, visit their website. You can also find them on Facebook.