One of the most common health issues that adults face is lower back pain. This condition can range in severity from a minor annoyance to a debilitating, chronic condition, and understanding why the pain is present can help you seek the proper treatment .Below are several common reasons for this discomfort.

What Issues Can Lead to Lower Back Pain?

1. Herniated Disc

The spine consists of many vertebrae with rubbery discs between them for cushioning. These discs absorb pressure and allow your back to bend and move easily. Whether due to intense exercise or an accident, a disc can tear or slip out of place, which is known as herniation. A ruptured or slipped disc presses on nearby nerves and causes a sharp, shooting pain. It is typically caused by age-related wear and tear, strain from improper lifting, or repetitive movements.

2. Degenerative Disc Disease

Spinal discs naturally wear away with time and become flatter as you age. While most adults go through some degree of disc degeneration beginning in their 40s, only about 5% will experience back pain. The problems from degenerative disc disease occur when vertebrae rub together or the weakened discs tear or herniate, causing neck pain, lower back pain, or radiating pain down the lower back and one or both legs, which is called sciatica. 

3. Compression Fracture

lower back pain

When a vertebra in the spine collapses and breaks, this condition is known as a compression fracture. This can lead to sudden and severe pain, and it may even restrict your spine's mobility. Compression fractures are often caused by trauma from a fall or auto accident, as the sudden, intense impact damages the bones. It is also common in people who have osteoporosis, which is a condition that weakens the bones.

4. Spinal Stenosis

The narrowing of the spinal canal in the lower back places pressure on nearby nerves. This can occur at multiple points of the spine and produce lower back pain and sciatica. Spinal stenosis is often the result of age-related changes in the spine. However, it can also occur due to herniated discs and spinal injuries, as these change the alignment of the spine.

5. Strains & Sprains

Lower back pain can also come from strained muscles and sprained ligaments. Strains and sprains may be due to sports injuries, poor posture over a long period, lifting heavy objects, or falling on your back. While this type of pain is often temporary, it is severe. Working with a chiropractor can help readjust your spine to relieve pressure on the affected muscles, reducing pain.


If you are seeking a holistic solution to lower back pain, contact Alpha And Omega Chiropractor in Ruidoso, NM. Serving residents throughout Lincoln County since 2006, this chiropractor is dedicated to finding and treating the root of your issue. They tailor treatments to your specific needs, whether you need spinal adjustments, physical therapy, or nutritional counseling. Visit them online to learn more about their services. Call (575) 258-5999 to schedule an appointment.