Smooth, healthy skin requires routine care. Excess exposure to the sun and harmful UV rays can cause dark patches known as hyperpigmentation to appear during the summer. The skin care guide below explains how these blotches occur and what you can do to prevent them.

What Is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation occurs when patches or areas of the skin appear darker than the surrounding skin. These patches generally develop due to a buildup of melanin, the natural pigment responsible for hair, skin, and eye color. Hyperpigmentation can appear brown, black, or gray and affect people of all races and skin tones. The patches are most likely to form on the face, hands, and other areas frequently exposed to the sun. 

This condition differs from melasma, which is usually caused by the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. Melasma is characterized by brown or gray patches or freckles on the face.

Why Is Routine Skin Care Important?

skin care

While many strive for natural tans during the summer, skin care should take precedence. Hyperpigmentation caused by sun exposure is generally referred to as sun or liver spots. The longer you spend in the sun, the higher the melanin production. Dark patches can take years to fade. They're generally not harmful on their own, but they can indicate excess exposure to sunlight and UV rays. Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation can be detrimental to your health, increasing the risk of aging skin, cataracts, and skin cancer.

How Can You Protect Your Skin?

There are many steps you can take to prevent skin damage and hyperpigmentation. One of your best defenses against sunlight is sunscreen. Apply a thick layer of broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher before you go outside, and reapply it every 2 hours, or after you swim or sweat. Try to remain in the shade. Use a hat to cover your face, ears, and neck, and wear long-sleeved shirts and pants when possible.

If you currently have hyperpigmentation or have had problems in the past, a healthy skin care routine can help alleviate the damage. Facials, chemical peels, and other treatments that cleanse, exfoliate, and replenish the skin will remove hyperpigmented cells. Regular use of these treatments aid in brightening and evening out the skin tone.


If the summer sun has been hard on your skin, turn to Spa Esoteric in McKinney, TX. This day spa provides various skin care products and services designed to soothe, nourish, and revitalize your skin. Their team will ensure your skin looks healthy and radiant this summer. Learn more about their location online, and call (972) 540-2278 to book an appointment.