Your garage doors use a special spring system to raise and lower safely. Thus, springs are among the most important components of any garage door system, though homeowners tend to know very little about them. By familiarizing yourself with your springs, you can learn to identify issues, such as a need for replacement. Find out what you need to know about your spring system below.

A Guide to Garage Door Springs for Homeowners

What Are the Different Types of Springs?

Your garage doors will use one of two types of springs: torsion or extension. Torsion springs are situated above the garage opening and use torque to raise doors. Force is applied to them, and they twist and coil slowly to maneuver the doors. There are many options available for torsion springs, and individual features depend factors like the weight, size, and track radius of your doors. While they cost more upfront, they can last twice as long as extension springs.

Extension springs are more common than tension springs. If your springs are located on your doors’ upper horizontal racks, this means you have extension springs. The springs expand as the doors open, applying force to keep the door supported. They must also feature a safety cable to keep doors from crashing down in the event of failure. Thus, torsion springs are ultimately considered the safer option of the two.

How Often Should They Be Changed?

Coils can only endure so much heavy lifting, which is why springs are typically the earliest parts of the garage door system to need replacement. It’s therefore important to look for signs your springs could be on their way out. To test your torsion springs, disconnect your opener and raise the door manually. The springs should hold it in place on their own, but if it begins to fall, it could be time for replacement. You should also consider new torsion springs if the electric opener sounds like it’s straining to raise your doors. Depending on how often you use your doors, you can get a decade or more years out of torsion springs.

garage doorsWith extension springs, gaps between coils suggest the springs will no longer have enough tension to support your garage doors. Additionally, if the right and left sides of the door don’t appear to be completely level, it means one of the springs is giving out. Extension springs have half the life span of torsion springs and are said to last 10,000 cycles. If you open your garage door 4 times a day, this means extension springs could last up to 7 years.


If it’s time for repairs or replacements for your garage doors or any of their components, turn to PDQ Garage Door Service in St. Paul, MN. This trusted team has been serving Ramsey and Washington counties with quality products and services for nearly 20 years. They provide a wide range of financing and warranty options to suit each homeowner’s unique needs. Request a free estimate for a repair or installation by sending them a message online or by calling (651) 208-6335.