A Brief Guide to Corneal Abrasions
A scratch to your cornea can occur in various ways, but no matter what the cause is, it's essential to see an eye doctor if you feel discomfort. During an exam, the physician will determine the size and severity of the abrasion and what the next steps should be. Here's a closer look at this type of injury and what you can do about it.
What Are Corneal Abrasions?
Dust, dirt, paper, contact lenses, and anything else that brushes against the cornea could scratch or scrape it. You might experience pain, a watery eye, light sensitivity, or a headache afterward. The eye might also appear red and feel like something is stuck in it.
The sharp edge of a leaf or grass clipping may also make contact with the cornea and cause damage, but in this case, the discomfort could be delayed. That's because it takes time for plant material to inflame the inner portion of the eye.
How to Treat & Prevent Abrasions
Right after your eye is injured, wash it out with water or a saline solution. This will rinse away particles and bacteria to prevent infection in the abrasion. Blinking will also prompt your eye to tear and rinse out debris.
Visit an eye doctor for further assistance, as they have the tools, training, and a sterile environment to remove foreign objects from the eye. An optometrist will also prescribe antibiotic eye drops or ointments to curb infection and provide an eye patch, if necessary, to keep light away from your eye while it heals. In most cases, it takes one or two days to recover.
Wearing sunglasses outside on a windy day will reduce the odds of debris blowing into your eyes. It's also wise to wear safety goggles while doing woodwork, mowing the lawn, and performing other projects. Protective eyewear while playing sports will provide a shield to prevent further injuries.
For corneal abrasion treatment, contact the eye doctors at Midwest Eye Center: A Division of TriState Centers for Sight in Crestview Hills, KY. The health care providers treat common and complex issues to maintain or improve the eye function of patients throughout northern Kentucky and the Greater Cincinnati, OH, area. Learn more about each physician online and call (859) 525-6215 for an appointment. Like them on Facebook to stay up to date on eye care advice.