Over one-third of infertility cases are caused by male infertility. If you’re having difficulty conceiving, a fertility specialist can help pinpoint the precise cause and recommend treatments. This guide will answer some of the most commonly asked questions about male infertility, so you can gain an understanding of what to expect. 

Common Male Infertility Questions

What causes male infertility?

Many cases of male infertility are caused by abnormal sperm, which could involve low sperm count, abnormally shaped sperm, and sperm that does not move properly. Some men may have swollen veins in the testicles, which can reduce sperm quality and harm temperature regulation. Retrograde ejaculation, infections, low hormone levels, genetic abnormalities, and past surgeries can also affect fertility.  

What are the signs of male infertility?

infertilityThe main symptom of male infertility is the inability to conceive. Most fertility specialists recommend making an appointment after you have been trying to conceive for a year. Other symptoms may include issues like decreased sexual function, decrease in body or facial hair, abnormal breast growth, and pain or swelling in the testicles. If you have any unusual symptoms, it’s always essential to see your doctor for a complete examination.

How will specialists test for it?

During your first appointment at a fertility clinic, the specialist will ask about your health history, current conditions and medications, and lifestyle factors. They will likely complete a semen analysis to test the quality and count of your sperm. Other tests include hormone testing, a testicular biopsy, and an ultrasound to check the structure of your reproductive organs. 

Are there fertility treatments available for men?

If they find the cause, the fertility doctor will recommend the treatments that will best help you conceive. This could include surgery to correct an obstructed vas deferens or extract sperm from the testicles directly. Medication and hormone therapy may be effective for some men. If you have an infection, the specialist will likely prescribe antibiotics for treatment. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) may also be the best option for some couples, which can include in vitro fertilization.



If you have been struggling to conceive, the team at Diamond Institute for Infertility & Menopause can help. Located in Milburn, NJ, these professionals have been serving patients for over 40 years. This team is led by Dr. Matan Yemini and Dr. Ndidimaka Onwubalili, who offer fertility testing, IVF procedures, egg freezing, and gestational surrogacy. They will work with you to understand your infertility, recommending the right treatment for your needs. Visit them online to view a full list of their services and call (973) 761-5600 to make an appointment.