Many women who conceive may experience a miscarriage. About 80% of miscarriages occur during the first trimester, and often seem like heavy menstrual periods that may include cramping, abdominal and pelvic pain, and weakness. While miscarriages are often stressful events, some 85% of women who miscarry go on to enjoy healthy pregnancies. Below, learn what causes these events and review tips for reducing infertility.

What Causes a Miscarriage?

A miscarriage is often the body’s way of staying healthy. If it detects a chromosomal abnormality in the sperm or egg that impedes normal fetal development, a miscarriage occurs. Certain disorders and diseases also complicate pregnancies, such as an under- or overactive thyroid. A thyroid producing too many hormones disrupts estrogen’s ability to create favorable uterine conditions for implantation, while low thyroid activity causes the body to overcompensate with ovulation-dampening hormones. Other health issues that interfere with fetal development include diabetes and autoimmune disorders such as Lupus.

infertilityLifestyle factors contribute to miscarriages, as well. Those who smoke cigarettes heavily, for example, add chemicals to their bloodstreams that reduce fetal oxygen intake. Excessive alcohol consumption increases the miscarriage risk and problems such as low birth weight and behavioral disorders. Physical issues such as uterine polyps can also cause miscarriages.

How Can I Improve My Fertility?

While miscarriages from chromosomal abnormalities cannot be prevented, there are many ways to boost your fertility and have a healthy pregnancy. Enjoy a healthy, well-rounded diet high in antioxidants that destroy sperm- and egg-damaging free radicals. Eat larger breakfast meals, and avoid trans fats and simple carbohydrates to reduce infertility issues. Vegetable protein, fiber, and high-fat dairy also improve fertility.

Other healthy lifestyle tips for decreasing infertility include reducing your  weight if you are overweight or obese, eliminating alcohol and tobacco, lowering your caffeine intake, and taking time to relax and de-stress. If you still experience problems getting pregnant, make an appointment with your local infertility clinic. Fertility tests and solutions such as egg donations, IVF procedures, artificial inseminations, and surrogates will help you realize your parenthood dream. 



Whether you’ve had trouble getting pregnant or have any other infertility questions, contact Diamond Institute for Infertility & Menopause. The dedicated specialists at this Millburn, NJ, practice offer over 40 years of experience caring for the community, providing a wide range of treatment options, including IVF procedures and egg freezing. Call (973) 761-5600 to schedule a consultation or visit the center online to browse their services.