A geothermal heat pump is a modern alternative to a more traditional heating system, such as a furnace. The system uses a heat pump inside and underground pipes outside to heat and cool your home. Before having an HVAC contractor install your upgrade, learn more about these systems and their benefits.

A Brief Guide to Geothermal Heat Pumps

How does a geothermal heat pump work?

A geothermal heat pump pulls heat from the ground in the winter and brings it into your home, and moves heat from your home to the ground in the summer. The system's underground pipes are buried below the frost line, where the temperature is continuously around 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Inside the pipes, a water-based solution absorbs heat and transports it to a pump where it’s exchanged for liquid refrigerant. This material is vaporized and increases in temperature and pressure before moving through the heat exchanger to your home.

How efficient is the system?

hvac contractorSince geothermal heat pumps transfer heat instead of creating it, they're highly efficient. In fact, these machines have been shown to cut energy bills by up to 65%. This will not only save you money, but it'll also reduce carbon emissions.

What’s the life expectancy of a geothermal heat pump?

Heat pumps can last around 25 years, and the outdoor pipes often last 50 years. This longevity is partly due to the fact that the important equipment is protected inside and underground. Also, because combustion doesn't occur inside the heat pump, it's subject to less wear and tear.

What maintenance does it require?

Geothermal heat pumps are relatively low maintenance. Around every three to six months, you'll need to change the air filters to ensure a comfortable and healthy living environment. If you have pets, allergies, or a big family, consider changing them more frequently.

Also, schedule regular maintenance with an HVAC contractor to ensure the longevity of your pump. A technician will examine the coils, check the electrical system, and lubricate the motors.


Upgrade your home’s heating system with the HVAC contractors at Prestige Air Heating & Cooling in Woodland Park, NJ. For nearly two decades, they’ve provided customers with reputable HVAC and 24/7 emergency services. Whether you’re looking to invest in a geothermal heating system or explore their inventory of American Standard® equipment that’ll ensure customer satisfaction, their experienced team can help. Call (973) 500-4040 to discuss heating and cooling options, and go online for more about their heat pump services.