If your gums feel tender or even bleed whenever you brush your teeth, you’re not alone. Gum sensitivity is a common problem with many possible causes. Your dentist will help you determine the source of your symptoms in order to recommend the best treatment, but in the meantime, here’s what you should know about sore gums.

A Guide to Gum Sensitivity

What Causes Sore Gums?

You might be surprised to learn that a balanced diet contributes to strong, healthy gums. Vitamin deficiencies, including vitamin C, could increase your risk of gum irritation and bleeding. Smoking or chewing tobacco can also damage your gums and puts you at twice the risk of gum disease as nonsmokers.

Daily tooth brushing and flossing are essential for good dental hygiene, but it is critical that you are gentle. Rough brushing and snapping the floss against your gums can cause redness and pain. A lack of a regular oral hygiene routine can also lead to sore gums.

Sometimes gum irritation can be a sign of gingivitis, an early and mild form of gum disease. Gingivitis develops when plaque, a sticky film formed by bacteria in the mouth, is able to harden into tartar. This can result in swollen, sensitive gums that bleed easily. If left untreated by a dentist, gingivitis can advance into periodontitis, a severe form of gum disease that may cause tooth loss.

How Can You Relieve Discomfort?


To seek relief from sore gums, start with good oral hygiene habits. Brush your teeth twice daily using a soft-bristled toothbrush, and press gently but firmly. Carefully guide floss between your teeth with a gentle rubbing motion, scrubbing both sides of each tooth and the space between the gum and tooth. Eat a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals, and avoid using tobacco products.

In order to prevent gum disease, it is important to visit your dentist regularly. Oral exams give them the opportunity to check your teeth and gums for problems, then provide a professional teeth cleaning. Dentists use special tools to remove plaque and tartar for a thorough scrubbing. With improved dental care, you can reduce sensitivity and maintain healthy gums.

Are your gums feeling sore and painful? Schedule a visit with Philmont Family Dentistry in Columbia County, NY, where their skilled team will determine the cause and provide effective solutions. Since 1975, this family dentistry practice has performed a full range of dental services, including routine exams. They take pride in offering personalized care in a state-of-the-art facility. Visit their website for more information about services, then call (518) 672-4077 to set up your appointment with a dentist.