Doctors sometimes prescribe hemodialysis for patients with kidney disease to replace the organs’ functions of cleaning waste and extra fluid from the blood. While a medical device removes waste products from the body during doctor’s appointments, patients are also advised to follow special diets to minimize waste and fluid buildup. Your doctor and dietitian will offer professional guidance on what to eat, but here’s some general information to help you stay on track.

A Guide to Proper Nutrition on Hemodialysis

Why is it important to monitor how much liquid I consume?

Excess fluid in the body may cause fluid accumulation in the lungs, leading to breathing problems. It also forces the heart to work harder, increasing blood pressure and heart rate and posing a risk of cardiovascular complications.

Hemodialysis sessions remove extra fluid from the body, but your doctor may ask you to limit your daily liquid intake. They may recommend cutting out foods that contain liquids, such as soup, ice cream, most fruits, and gelatin.

What is “dry weight?”

doctor's appointmentsThis term refers to your weight after a hemodialysis session. Your physician will weigh you before and after each appointment to determine if you’ve met the set goal for liquid removal. Regulating your liquid intake between doctor’s appointments will help you achieve this goal.

What can I eat?

In general, high-protein items provide the amino acids you need for a stronger immune system and better blood flow. Choose lean meats, such as fish, chicken, and turkey.

Avoid salty snacks that make you thirsty, including prepackaged goods. For example, when you feel like snaking, consider having a homemade tuna fish sandwich with egg whites instead.

What should I avoid?

Your kidneys can’t correctly process potassium in your blood, altering your heart rate. Avoid ingredients rich in this mineral, including bananas, oranges, mushrooms, peas, and cucumbers.

Too much phosphorus in the bloodstream might also weaken the bones. While most products contain this mineral, your physician might recommend avoiding processed and packaged foods and consuming some milk to strengthen the bones. 


If you need transportation to hemodialysis sessions, turn to Agape Transportation of the Bronx, NY. This medical transportation service gets people around New York City and Westchester County to their doctor’s appointments safely and comfortably. Their friendly and licensed drivers are available 24/7. Call (718) 585-2222 to book a reliable and affordable ride, or visit their website to learn more.